Marriage without Sat Pheras?

Is a marriage valid in Hindu culture without the happening of the saat pheras also known as Saptapadi around the sacred fire.

In the case of S. Nagalingam vs Shivagami, 2001 7 SCC 487, the court observed that the marriages without the saat pheras are also valid and marriages performed as per rituals of the parties such as garlanding and tying of the thalis or exchanging rings are also valid marriages and the intention of the parties matter.

In order to understand what constitutes a legal marriage, read the following article from financial express.

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